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In order to make observations, an observer must always use
Using a ruler to measure the length of a stick is an example of
Which action can be performed most accurately using only the human senses?
Which statement made by a student after examining a rock specimen is an inference?
Which statement about a cumulus cloud seen over Syracuse, N.Y., is an inference?
An interpretation based upon an observation is called
Which statement about a burning candle is most likely an inference?
A prediction of next winter's weather is an example of
The best example of an inference is a
Which statement about a major hurricane is an inference?
Which surface features would give an air mass mT characteristics?
The properties of an airmass depend mainly on the
The characteristics of an airmass which formed over the Gulf of Mexico would probably be
An air mass originating over the North Pacific Ocean would most likely be
On a weather map, an airmass that is very warm and dry would be labeled
A mT airmass would most likely originate over which type of Earth surface?
Compared to a maritime tropical airmass, a maritime polar airmass has
In which geographic region are air masses most often warm with a high moisture content?
An airmass originating over north central Canada would most likely be
Which symbol would be used to identify an airmass originating in central Canada?
How does air circulate within a cyclone (low-pressure area) in the Northern Hemisphere?
Why do clouds usually form at the leading edge of a cold airmass?
In the Northern Hemisphere, the movement of air in a low-pressure center is
Tornadoes occur when a very cold, dry air mass meets a very warm, wet air mass. Which two air masses would most likely form a tornado when they meet?
Within a low-pressure system, the probability of precipitation is high because the air is generally
In the Northern Hemisphere, in which direction does surface wind circulate in a high-pressure air mass?
Which statement best explains why precipitation occurs at frontal boundaries?
The weather characteristics of air mass result primarily from its
Which type of air mass would most likely have low humidity and high air temperature?
Which type of air mass usually contains the most moisture?
Which conclusion can be made based on existing fossil evidence?
Which inference can be made about the fossil record?
The fossil record provides evidence that primitive humans were alive on Earth at the same time as the
Which is the most probable reason that few Precambrian fossils are found today?
The climate that existed during the Silurian Period can best be determined by studying
Which statement is best about dinosaurs?
Which fossils could most likely be found in the bedrock within a lakes area?
Which fact provides the best evidence for the scientific theory of the evolutionary development of life on the Earth?
Studies of the fossil record indicate that
Theories of evolution suggest that variations between members of the same species give the species greater probability of
Compared to polar areas, why are equatorial areas of equal size heated much more intensely by the Sun?
The seasonal temperature changes in the climate are influenced mostly by the
The intensity of the insolation that reaches the Earth is affected most by
As the altitude of the Sun increases, the length of the shadow cast by a vertical pole will
On a given day, which factors have the most effect on the amount of insolation received at a location on the Earth's surface?
The coldest climates on Earth are found at the polar regions because the polar regions
At which latitude does the Earth receive the greatest intensity of insolation on June 21?
If Earth's tilt were to increase from 23.5 degres to 33.5 degres the result would be
Which angle of the Sun above the horizon produces the greatest intensity of sunlight?
To an observer in North America, the Sun appears to rise each day somewhere along the
A classification system enables a person to
The grouping of objects or events based on similar characteristics is called
A classification system is based on the use of
Scientists often use classification systems in
A student classifies several objects. The classification system should be based on
The primary purpose of a classification system is to enable people to
Which statement best illustrates a classification system?
A student is asked to classify several rocks. For best results, the classification should be based on
Which procedure is an example of classifying observed data?
Which property is used to classify the land-derived sedimentary rocks?
How does the average annual surface temperature compare from latitude to latitude?
Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface?
Which factors have the least effect on the climate of a region?
What effect does a large body of water usually have on the climate of a nearby landmass?
Bodies of water have a moderating effect on climate primarily because
Compared to land surface temperature changes, water surface temperature changes occur
Which statement best explains why a desert often forms on the leeward side of a mountain range,
Why do the windward sides of mountain ranges receive more precipitation than the leeward sides?
Which planetary wind pattern is present in many areas of little rainfall?
The planetary wind and moisture belts indicate that large amounts of rainfall occur at Earth's Equator because air is
Which statement is the best example of heat energy transfer by conduction?
Conduction is the transfer of heat energy by
The collision of molecules within a substance results in the transfer of energy by
During which process of energy exchange does cold air displace warmer air?
The process by which air flows from one location in the atmosphere to another is called
During which process does heat transfer occur because of density differences?
What method of energy transfer requires no medium for transfer?
Which action would help an air-conditioner use less energy on a hot, sunny summer day?
In general, good absorbers of electromagnetic radiation are also good
By which process do light rays pass through
A person knows the solar time on the Prime Meridian and the local solar time. What determination can be made?
At what latitude would an observer on the Earth find the altitude of Polaris to be 37 degrees?
At which latitude will Polaris be overhead?
As a ship crosses the Prime Meridian, the altitude of Polaris is 65 degrees. What is the ship's location?
Cities located on the same meridian (longitude) must have the same
As a person travels northward from the Equator, the altitude of Polaris will appear to
The latitude of a person traveling due east will
The angle of the star Polaris above the northern horizon can be used to determine an observer's
Which reference line passes through both the geographic North Pole and the geographic South Pole?
Lattitude lines run from
Layers of volcanic ash often serve as useful geologic time markers because ash layers usually
Which kind of bedrock would most likely contain fossils?
In order for an organism to be used as an index fossil, the organism must have been geographically widespread and must have
Sedimentary rock units several hundred kilometers apart could best be correlated by comparing the
A fossil is not likely to be found in
Which bedrock feature is most useful in correlating sedimentary bedrock in one area with sedimentary bedrock in another area?
Which bedrock would be most likely to contain fossils?
Which rock type most often contains fossils?
Which processes most often cause fossil evidence to be preserved in rock?
Living corals are found in warm, shallow seas. Coral fossils have been found in the sedimentary rocks of Alaska. These findings suggest that
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At which location would seismic measurements indicate that the Earth's crust is thickest?
The thinnest section of the Earth's crust is found beneath
Which statement best describes Earth's crust and mantle?
Compared to Earth's oceanic crust, Earth's continental crust is
The oceanic crust is thought to be composed mainly of
Compared to the continental crust of central North America, the oceanic crust of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is
Compared to continental crust, oceanic crust is
What are the two most abundant elements by mass found in Earth's crust?
Where is the thickest part of the Earth's crust?
To get sample material from the mantle, drilling will be done through the oceanic crust because
If a wooden block were cut into eight identical pieces, the density of each piece compared to the density of the original block would be
As a volume of air expands due to heating, the density of this air will
Compared to the density of liquid water, the density of an ice cube is
Under the same conditions of temperature and pressure, three different samples of the same uniform substance will have the same
The correct explanation of why ice floats is that, compared to liquid water, solid ice
As air on the surface of Earth warms, the density of the air
A 5.0-milliliter sample of a substance has a mass of 12.5 grams. What is the mass of a 100 milliliter sample of the same substance?
A pebble has a mass of 35 grams and a volume of 14 ml. What is its density?
Density is equal to
Mass = 10 grams and Volume = 5 ml, what is this objects density?
Which statement best describes pebbles?
Which particles are the last to settle as a river's velocity decreases?
When particles of uniform shape and density are dropped into a calm lake, silt will settle faster than
Which statement best explains why a lead sphere settles faster then a glass sphere when dropped into water?
Which characteristics of a particle would usually result in the shortest settling time for the particle in calm water?
Compared to a low-density spherical particle, a high-density spherical particle of the same size will sink through water
A sedimentary particle is dropped into a cylinder of water. The particle will take the longest time to settle if the particle has
When small particles settle through water faster than large particles, the small particles are probably
Why do the particles carried by a river settle to the bottom as the river enters the ocean?
Transported sediments are usually deposited at locations in which
In the Northern Hemisphere, the longest period of insolation occurs on or about
The length of time that daylight is received at a location during one day is called the location's
Which two factors determine the number of hours of daylight at a particular location?
On which date does the maximum duration of insolation occur in the Northern Hemisphere?
At which latitude would the duration of insolation be greatest on December 21?
Approximately how many hours of daylight are received at the North Pole on June 21?
In the middle latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere, the warmest month is usually
In the Northern Hemisphere, the number of hours of daylight each day increases continuously from
Maximum surface temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere usually occur during the month of
What is the primary reason the Northern Hemisphere is warmer in July than in February?
At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy?
Infrared, ultraviolet, and visible light are all part Infrared, ultraviolet, and visible light are all part between them is their
An object that is a good absorber of electromagnetic energy is also a good
Which type of surface would most likely be the best reflector of electromagnetic energy?
Which color is the best radiator of electromagnetic energy?
Changing the shingles on the roof of a house to a lighter color will most likely reduce the amount of solar energy that is
Compared to the wavelength of ultraviolet radiation, the wavelength of infrared radiation is
What is the basic difference between ultraviolet, visible, and infrared radiation?
In which list are the forms of electromagnetic energy arranged in order from longest to shortest wavelengths?
Which statement about electromagnetic energy is correct?
The major source of sediments found on the deep ocean bottom is
On the Earth's surface, transported materials are more common than residual materials. This condition is mainly the result of
The best evidence that erosion has taken place would be provided by
Which rock material was most likely transported to its present location by a glacier?
What change will a pebble usually undergo when it is transported a great distance by streams?
A sediment particle transported by a stream over a long period of time will most likely show
Which erosional force acts alone to produce avalanches and landslides?
For which movement of earth materials is gravity not the main force?
The bedrock at a certain location is deeply scratched, and in some places is covered by a layer of unsorted sediment. Which erosional agent was probably responsible for these features?
Large igneous boulders have been found on surface sedimentary bedrock. Which statement best explains the presence of these boulders?
Contains the magnifying lens you look through
Maintains the correct distance between the eyepiece and the objective lens
Supports the body tube and one part you hold while carrying
Holds high and low power objectives, can be rotated to change magnification
Provides the most magnification, usually 40X
Provides the least magnification, usually 10X
Moves the stage up and down for focusing
Used to sharpen the image, moves stage only slightly
Hold the microscope slide in place
Supports the microscope slide
Regulates the amount of light
Illuminates the slide
Supports the microscope and the other place you hold with your hand while walking.
If you have a microscope that the lens says 40X what magnification is that?
If you have a microscope that the lens says 20X what magnification is that?
If you have a microscope that the lens says 10X what magnification is that?
Refers to the degree of magnification for a lens.
Name for the small plastic or glass piece that is used to cover a water drop on a slide.
Small glass plate on which specimen are placed for viewing.
The part that has a joint that allows you to tilt the microscope back.
center of an atom
charged particles that spin around the nucleus
positively charged particles in an atom
found in the nucleus
uncharged particles found in the atom
two or more of the same atoms joined together
two or more of different atoms joined together
strong attraction between two bonds
first to study atoms
Modern atoms are thought to have what type of structure?
Which motion causes the Moon to show phases when viewed from the Earth?
The best evidence that the distance between the Moon and the Earth varies is provided by the apparent change in the Moon's
Which statement best explains why different phases of the Moon can be observed from the Earth?
The new-moon phase occurs when the Moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun. However, these positions do not always cause an eclipse (blocking) of the Sun because the
If the distance between the Moon and Earth were double its present distance, the Moon’s cycle of phases would occur
The passage of the Moon into Earth's shadow causes a
A cycle of Moon phases can be seen from Earth because the
When the moon's surface is 100% lit, what phase is it in
Regardless of the moon's phase, this much of the moon is always lit (even though we cannot always see it)
Moon revolves around the earth in what type of motion
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Static electricity moves from place to place because ___.
Batteries represent ___.
An electrical circuit requires ___.
All ways of generating electricity ___.
A bar or rod free to rotate around a single point
any devices that do work with one movement (such as pulley, inclined plane, lever)
two inclined planes combined
an inclined plane wrapped around a rod
exerting a force over a distance in the same direction as the object's motion
The ___ is the unit used for work.
A ___ is a compound machine.
An example of an inclined plane is a(n) ___.
A ___ uses a lever.
___ is not work.
How did King George III plan to pay for the French and Indian War?
The country of Great Britain is also known as
The people who live in England are called ______________ people
The Townshend Act put taxes on
How many people died in the Boston Massacre?
The Boston Massacre was a fight between
The first person to be killed during the American Revolution was
The slogan that was said by many colonists was:
The Quartering Act
The Intolerable Acts were ordered by King George III because
The Stamp Act
The man who convinced many of the colonists that war against England was needed was
The First Continental Congress was held in order to
The delegates of the First Continental Congress decided
The Second Continental Congress was held in order to
The delegates of the Second Continental Congress decided to
The Declaration of Independence was signed
The three unalienable rights written in the Declaration of Independence are the right of
One example of a terrifying event that can ___ without warning is an earthquake.
Quote: He argues that a ban may not align with most Americans' belief in freedom of choice (Malik, 44)
How do you respond-Ways that people use plastic bugs?
_________ can spend less money if they look for discounts.
Cause and effect: _______ to the plastic pollution in the ocean, I believe cities should outlaw plastic bags.
The mayor signed a law making it a crime to ____
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The state of matter that can fill any container is__________. The volume and shape both change.
You put ice in a glass full of soda. 15 minutes later all of the ice has melted. What type of change is this?
Today, scientists know that the 'structure' of an atom is a(n) ______________.
When dry ice changes to carbon dioxide vapor, what is happening?
What is found inside the nucleus of an atom?
Cutting paper is an example of what type of change?
____________ are two or more atoms joined together.
Protons have what type of charge?
Atoms are held together by a strong attraction called _________?
Anything that takes up space and has a mass is ____________.
The total amount of water on Earth
The land area that supplies water to a river system is called a
Materials that allow water to easily pass through them are
Groundwater is found
Material that has many spaces or holes
People can obtain groundwater by drilling a well
More than 2/3 of Earth's water is found in
One process that can be used (but is very expensive at this time) to remove salt from salt water is called___
____ is water that flows across land and collects in rivers, in streams, and eventually in the ocean.
The area of land where NEW water enters an aquifer
Breaking a dish
Water evaporating
Rocks sinking
Bleaching clothes
Propane gas burning
Mashing potatoes
Making jello
Cleaning pennies with vinegar
Drinking soda and burping
Freezing foods
What is the atomic number for Magnesium (Mg)?
What is the atomic weight for silver (Ag)?
How many protons are in lithium (Li)?
How many electrons are in iron (Fe)?
Is nitrogen a metal or nonmetal?
Is hydrogen a metal or nonmetal?
Which element is a liquid at room temperature, yet it is on the metal side?
Which of these symbols could NOT be an element?
Which of these symbols could NOT be an element?
What is the atomic mass for sodium (Na)?
An abrupt change in the speed of seismic waves is an indication that the
A characteristic of compressional waves and shear waves is that they both
Useful information regarding the composition of the interior of the Earth can be derived from earthquakes because earthquake waves
Compared to the velocity of an earthquake's P-waves, the velocity of the S-waves in the same material is
Which statement best explains why the P-wave of an earthquake arrives at a seismic station before the S-wave?
The theory that the outer core of the Earth is composed of liquid material is best supported by
Earthquake S-waves do not travel through the Earth's
Which conclusion based on the analysis of seismic data supports the inference that the Earth's outer core is liquid?
Which of the following earthquake waves can travel through both solids and fluids?
What usually causes tsunamis?
Why are some scientists concerned about an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere?
In the Earth's atmosphere, the best absorbers of infrared radiation are water vapor and
A greenhouse stays relatively warm on a sunny winter day. Which statement best explains this fact?
Most of the energy in the Earth's atmosphere comes from
Which two gases can absorb outgoing infrared radiation, leading to an increase in atmospheric temperature?
Water vapor and carbon dioxide in the Earth's atmosphere are good absorbers of
The average air temperature on the Earth may increase as a result of the ability of carbon dioxide and water vapor to absorb
Why are carbon dioxide and water vapor called the greenhouse gases?
If the amount of greenhouse gases were to increase for a very long time, the atmosphere on Earth would become most like the atmosphere of
Earth’s atmosphere is warmed when
Minerals are identified on the basis of
The mineral mica breaks evenly along flat sheets mainly because of its
Scratching a mineral against a glass plate is a method used for determining the mineral's
The relative hardness of a mineral can best be tested by
One of the most abundant minerals in beach sand is quartz. Which property of quartz could account for its abundance?
Which mineral property is illustrated by the peeling of muscovite mica into thin, flat sheets?
The physical properties of minerals result from their
Different arrangements of tetrahedra in the silicate group of minerals result in differences in the minerals'
Moh's scale would be most useful for
Differences in hardness between minerals are most likely caused by the
In the geocentric model (the Earth at the center of the universe), which motion would occur?
Which observation can not be explained by a geocentric model?
Which apparent motion can be explained by a geocentric model?
In which type of model are the Sun, other stars, and the Moon in orbit around the Earth?
Which statement best describes the geocentric model of our solar system?
Which planetary model allows a scientist to predict the exact positions of the planets in the night sky over many years?
For what reason did the heliocentric model of the universe replace the geocentric model of the universe?
Some constellations (star patterns) observed in the summer skies are different from those observed in the winter skies. The best explanation for this observation is that
Which statement provides the best evidence that Earth revolves around the Sun?
The Sun's position in space is best described as the approximate center of
__________ is the condition of the Earth’s atmosphere at a particular time and place.
Air temperature is measure with a(n) _______, while air pressure is measured with a(n) _____.
The National Weather Service measures air pressure in units called
Masses of puffy, white clouds, often with flat bases, that form when air currents rise are called ____ clouds.
Areas of low pressure usually have
The boundary between a cold air mass and a warm air mass is called a ____.
The eye of a hurricane
A violent, whirling wind that moves in a narrow path over land is a ____.
To keep track of high-and low-pressure areas, weather maps are drawn with lines connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure. These lines are called ____.
A ____ studies and forecasts the weather using data gathered from many sources.
The psychrometer is used to measure humidity. It does this by recording
A weather vane is only used to show the direction that the wind is blowing. You would need to use an anemometer if you wanted to know the
If a thermometer shows that it is below freezing, then a meteorologist might predict a snow storm if
Clouds form as warm air rises, expands, cools, and becomes saturated, and then ____ condense(s) into tiny drops, which collect.
Low, layered gray clouds that produce light precipitation are ____ clouds.
A(n) ____ is a large body of air that has the same properties as the Earth's surface over which it develops.
Which of the following best describes a cold front?
What type of weather is generally associated with a high pressure system?
Which of the following best describes a hurricane?
Any form of water that falls from clouds is called
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Which of these processes uses transport proteins in the cell membrane to move materials into or out of a cell?
Which of these regulates nearly all the chemical reactions in the body by causing changes in other molecules without being changed itself?
Which of these is an example of an inorganic compound?
In which stage of the cell cycle does a eukarotic cell spend most of its life?
Which scientist discovered the shape of the planets' orbits?
When a shooting star appears in the sky, it actually is which of the following?
What does a red shift indicate about a galaxy?
Approximately how long does it take light from the Sun to reach Earth?
Which of the following is a star that expands due to fusion?
Massive stars begin their life cycle as which type of object?
Which galaxy is Earth part of?
Which star system is closest to Earth, after the Sun?
Which of the following has the objects arranged from largest to smallest?
The North Star, ___, is positioned almost directly over the North Pole.
Which of the following terms would you use to describe the motion of Earth in its orbit around the Sun?
Which term describes the flat areas made of igneous rock that are found on the Moon's surface?
Where have large amounts of ice been detected on the Moon?
In what month is Earth farthest from the Sun?
Which region of the Moon has the youngest rocks?
Which is the fifth planet from the Sun?
Which planet has Charon as its moon?
Which of these follows a cyclical pattern?
Where do scientists plan on sending astronauts to in the future?
Where is the asteroid belt found?
Which term means using less material?
Which of the following terms is the activity of growing crops and raising farm animals?
Which of the following is a substance that makes chemical reactions take place faster?
The individuals of one species that occupy a specific area are called ___.
How has the human population on Earth changed during the last 50 years?
Which of the following is an example of hazardous waste?
Which term describes pollution from industrial outfalls or ditches?
What is the largest source of water quality issues in the United States?
What ingredient in fertilizers can cause an overgrowth of algae?
Conserving water may help reduce water pollution by ___.
Which of the following has an impact on surface currents?
What causes high and low tide?
A higher than normal high tide is called ___.
Why is there concern about oil entering the ocean environment?
What is the area where the mouth of a river enters the ocean called?
What is chemosynthesis?
When do fish kills occur?
Which of the following sources contributes the most oil pollution to the ocean?
In which habitat are gooseneck barnacles, lined chitin, and blue mussels found?
What is the benefit of using no-till farming methods?
___ are zones in which air masses interact.
At Earth's surface in the northern hemisphere, air moves ___ toward low pressure.
At Earth's surface in the northern hemisphere, air moves ___ from high pressure.
Which Earth system includes plants, animals, and humans?
What evidence is strongly suggested as an important component in global warming?
What climatic event is a warming of the Pacific Ocean?
Which gases enters ocean water from organisms that phtosynthesize?
What describes the amount of dissolved salts in seawater?
The vertical ocean circulation that brings deep, cold water to the surface is called ___.
The highest point on a wave is called ___.
The weather in the U.S. is impacted by which set of global winds?
Which forms during the night because water cools slower than land?
The driving force behind the weather on Earth is the ___.
The rapid heating of air during a thunderstorm results in ___.
When raindrops pass through a layer of freezing air the result is the formation of ___.
Which of the following is a description of a blizzard?
Which of the following instruments is used to measure wind speed?
Which of the following scientists studies the weather?
Which is NOT a trace gas?
What are the atmospheric levels in descending order?
Which of the following forms when magma bodies forced upward from inside Earth solidify before reaching the surface?
Which of the following is the coarsest type of tephra?
Which type of magma often forms at a convergent plate boundary?
Which principle states that the oldest rock layer is found at the bottom in an undisturbed stack of rock layers?
What is the branch of science that focuses on the study of fossils and past life?
Which types of fossils are the remains of species that existed on Earth for relatively short periods of time and were widespread geographically?
When geologists match up layers of rock over great distances, which method are they using?
Which of the following animal remains will probably NOT be found fossilized in sedimentary rock?
If the hard part of an organism decays or dissolves, leaving behind a cavity in a rock, what type of fossil is left?
Which isotope is used for dating organic material that is less than 75,000 years old?
What occurs when soil containing liquid is shaken during an earthquake?
What is the paper record of an earthquake called?
What is earthquake magnitude?
Which of the following is used to measure the intensity of an earthquake?
Which of the following could create a shadow zone?
Which of the following describes the motion of primary waves?
What type of volcanoes are the Hawaiian islands?
Magma that is forced into a crack that cuts across rock layers and hardens into igneous rock is called a(n)
Which of the following is a steep-sided mountain of loosely packed tephra?
Why does Iceland have volcanic activity?
closed path for electrons to follow
form of potential electrical energy
area where magnetic forces act
temporary magnet formed by electricity
gate in a circuit
Lightning represents a discharge of ____.
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Which of the following is NOT made of cells?
A change in an organism's environment that causes a reaction is called a(n)
An organism's ability to maintain stable internal conditions is called
Process by which living things produce more organisms like themselves
Main energy source for most organisms is
Characteristic or trait that allows an organism to survive and reproduce in its enviroment
The highest level of cell organization. These carry out all the life processes.
Animals whose body temperature changes with the environment (cold blooded).
Animals that maintain a stable body temperature (warm blooded).
A balance must exist between an organism's energy producing processes and its energy using processes.
The membrane-enclosed command center of the cell
The rigid layer that supports and protects the cell
The gel-like substance in which most of the cell's life processes take place
Places where cells store water, food, and other materials
Places where cells convert light energy into food
The outer covering of the animal cell
These supply energy needed by the cell to do work
These contain complex chemical information that directs the cell's hereditary-related activities
A region in the nucleus that produces tiny cell particles needed in protein synthesis
Tube network in the cytoplasm where cell substances are made
Different forms of a trait (blue eyes, brown eyes, etc) are called:
The combination of letter symbols used to represent your genes for a trait (ex. AA) is your:
The physical appearance of an individual is their:
If you have the combination Aa for a trait, then you are _____ for that trait.
How would we genetically represent a male individual who possesses a sex-linked trait?
In a pedigree _______ represent males, and _______ represent females.
A family tree diagram that is used to track traits through several generations is known as a:
When a cell receives too many or too few chromosomes during meiosis, ____ has occurred.
Sex-linked traits are:
The sex of an offspring is determined by:
If two heterozygous individuals are mated, what percentage of their offspring will have the dominant phenotype?
A husband and wife are going to have a baby. The husband has type AB blood, and the wife has type O. Which could NOT be the blood type of their child?
Fluffy fur is a dominant trait in guinea pigs. Two fluffy guinea pigs have a non-fluffy offspring. What must be the genotypes of the parents?
A heterozygous individual is mated with a homozygous recessive individual. What percentage of their children will be heterozygous?
The probability of a human couple having a male child is:
A normal woman with a colorblind father marries a normal man. What is the probability that her child (who will be a male), will be colorblind?
Hemophilia is a sex-linked trait. What is the probability of a diseased female and a normal male producing a healthy child?
Having more than 5 fingers (Polydactyly) is a dominant trait. What is the probability that two people, each of which have 5 fingers per limb,will have a 6-fingered child?
Cuteness is a dominant trait in bunnies. Two bunnies heterozygous for cuteness have numerous offspring. What percentage of the offspring would be predicted to not be cute?
The genotype of a carrier of a sex-linked disease would be:
Which sex aneuploidy results in producing a sterile female which has no physical abnormalities?
Cystic fibrosis is a _________ inherited disease.
What disorder results from an inability of an individual to convert phenylalanine to tyrosine?
Which of the following genetic diseases doesn't show its effects until the affected individual is 30-50 years old?
Which of the following genetic diseases is sex-linked?
Which of the following genetic diseases is dominantly inherited?
Which sex aneuploidy results in the production of sterile males with female physical characteristics?
Which of the following sex aneuploidies is the ONLY one in which the affected individual can still successfully reproduce?
In which disesase does the brain of the affected individual begin to deteriorate around age 3 months?
Which disorder results in blood cells getting stuck in the capillaries of the body?
Which of the following is NOT a requirement of populations in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?
In the Hardy-Weinberg equation, 2pq represents:
In the Hardy-Weinberg equation, ____ + _____ = 1
Long ears is a dominant trait in rabbits. In a population of 100 rabbits, 15 of them have short ears. What is q^2 for this population?
500 frogs are in a pond. In these frogs, yellow skin spots are a dominant trait. There are 350 frogs with yellow skin spots. How many frogs are probably Aa?
In a population of hamsters, 10 individuals are homozygous dominant, 5 are heterozygous, and 15 are homozygous recessive. What is p?
In a population of 100, 25 individuals are homozygous dominant. How many individuals would be expected to be homozygous recessive?
In the Hardy-Weinberg equation, the frequency of the dominant allele is represented by:
Which of the following correctly shows the Hardy-Weinberg Equation?
Which of the following animals is the cutest?
The mineral's properties are largely due to what?
It's the true color of the mineral in it's powdered form
A mineral's hardness is based on this scale.
This mineral reacts with Hydrocloric Acid.
When a mineral breaks unevenly, its said to have what?
Its the way a mineral reflects light.
Its the tendency of a mineral to break along clean, even surfaces.
Its a mineral's resistance to being scratched.
Its a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline, solid.
This mineral has metallic luster and cubic cleavage.
Science can best be described as
A scientist begins working by trying to explain a natural occurrence that is
A scientific explanation for a natural occurrence is called
Scientists always prove or disprove their explanation by
Science is uncertain and changeable because
All of the following are subjects for scientific study except
Different scientists may obtain different results when studying the same subject because
All of the following tools enhance a scientist's senses except
To be considered valid, the results of a scientific experiment must be
Before an experiment, a scientist needs to review
Who was the first person to identify and see cells?
The thin, flexible barrier around a cell is called the
Prokaryotes lack
Which of the following contains a nucleus?
The main function of the cell wall is to
Which of the following is a function of the nucleus?
Which of the following is a function of the cytoskeleton?
Which of the following is an organelle found in the cytoplasm?
Which organelle would you expect to find ONLY in plant cells?
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrand is called
The most common state of matter is
An example of a change of shape is
The density of a material is
An object s odor is a
The process of a liquid changing into a gas is called
Which of these is not a physical property of matter?
Which of the following shows a behavioral property?
The _________________ is an example of a chemical change.
The precipitate of a solid can indicate a
Which of these indicates that a chemical change has taken place?
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The mass number of an element is the total number of protons and neutrons located in the nucleus. If carbon has an atomic number of 6 and a mass number of 12, how many neutrons does it contain?
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Select answer 3
Select answer 3
Select answer 1
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the boy and his dog
because of winn dixie
the cat in the hat
the new york times
taste of home cookbook
the puppy who wanted a boy
harriet the spy
twas the night before christmas
the princess and the pea
the tiny mouse in the house
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If the mass number of an element is the total number of protons and neutrons located in the nucleus, how many protons does chlorine have if its atomic number is 17 and its mass number is 35?
The substance sodium is abundant in the ocean as an ion dissolved in water. In order for an atom to become an ion which of the following needs to occur?
How long were the men stuck on Lord Helios' Island?
What happened to Odysseus' raft?
What is the name of the man who led the mutiny?
What is the Sun God's name?
What made the men so desperate?
What was Odysseus doing when the men were planning mutiny?
Who does Helios go to to seek out revenge?
Who wrote 'The Odyssey'?
Where is Odysseus telling this story?
What will he get if he tells the story?
What caused the funny odor that Harold smelled?
Why did Harold and Chester pound a STEAK onto Bunnicula's chest?
Why was Chester CONFUSED about the STEAK?
Why was Harold sopping wet?
Why did Chester decide to throw water on Bunnicula?
At the end of Chapter 6, how was Chester punished for his actions?
Strange noises EMANATED from downstairs.
Standing in the doorway was Chester, a strange PENDANT hanging from his neck.
With water dripping from my ears, I watched Mrs. Monroe pick Chester up by the NAPE of his neck.
I looked over toward the cage, in there on the other side of the window was a PATHETIC tabby face looking in.
Which of the following best describes how Egyptian civilization developed?
How was Egypt able to build pyramids and temples?
What factor contributed most to the growth of trade in the New Kingdom?
Why were tombs filled with art, jewelry, and other treasures?
Which of the following is NOT a reason why Queen Hatshepsut was so important to Egypt?
The _______________ helped historians understand hieroglyphics.
_______________ were placed in pyramids after their death.
The Egyptians believed _______________ were the homes of the gods.
People could never have settled in Egypt without the annual _______________.
Which of the following was NOT a natural feature protecting Ancient Egypt from invaders?
Which of the following shows the correct social hierarchy from lowest to highest of Ancient Egypt?
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jugar (ue)
Which of the following is an example of an archaebacterium?
Which of these bacteria is pathogenic?
Which of the following is NOT a way to prevent diseases that are caused by bacteria?
What color do Gram-negative bacteria stain when treated with Gram's stain?
Which food is made using bacteria?
What is the end result of a bloom?
Which of the following moves using a pseudopod?
Which of the following is a funguslike protist?
Where are you most likely to find fungi growing?
Mycorrhizae are networks formed between fungi and ___.
A structure made up of two or more tissues that work together is called a(n) ___.
Which of these instruments can show the arrangement of atoms on the surface of a molecule?
A cell that contains 50% water is placed in a solution that is 30% water. The cell and the solution will reach equilibrium when they both contain how much water?
Which process releases energy by changing simple molecules?
When of the following is an example of a protein?
What is DNA an example of?
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“An object in motion will stay in motion unless an outside force acts upon it”…this is Newton’s ___ law of motion.
Friction hinders a stationary object from moving on a surface when a force is applied to it is called _______ friction.
How quickly an object moves or changes position is called ____.
Which of the following is not a long-range force?
Motion only occurs if the forces acting on it are ____.
Displacement compared to another object is called ______.
Acceleration is ___________________
The acceleration of gravity is __________________ m/s/s.
The force that opposes motion is ___________________.
A force that can cause an object’s motion to change without direct contact is called a ______.
Why will a rock weather more rapidly if it is broken into smaller particles?
Four pieces of the same rock material which have different shapes but equal volumes are exposed to the atmosphere. Which piece would probably weather fastest?
A large rock is broken into several smaller pieces. Compared to the rate of weathering of the large rock, the rate of weathering of the smaller pieces is
Which factor has the least effect on the weathering of a rock?
A rock will weather faster after it has been crushed because its
In hot, wet climates, bedrock rapidly weathers into soil because water
What occurs when a rock is crushed into a pile of fragments?
Which climatic conditions normally produce the greatest amount of chemical weathering?
Which long-term atmospheric changes would increase the rate of chemical weathering of surface bedrock?
The most likely reason powdered limestone reacts faster than a single large piece is that it has
Which foods would you want to eat that would get you the most amount of roughage?
Tiny hair like projections that increase the surface area of your small intestine are called what?
Water Re-absorbtion occurs in which organ?
Chemical digestion on carbohydrates begins by the secretion from what?
This flap of skin and cartilage closes off the trachae during swallowing
Proteases function in which organ?
Particles of food are moved along the digestive tract due to what muscular movement?
The stomach engages in what process related to digestion?
If a person is suffering from diarrhea it is because...
Which nutrient can be absorbed into the bloodstream without first being digested?
As the temperature of the atmosphere at a given location increases, the air pressure will most likely
Which factor is most directly related to wind velocity?
As wind velocity decreases, the distance between isobars on a weather map will
What is the average atmospheric pressure at sea level?
Wind velocity is most directly dependent on the
Rapidly falling barometric pressure readings most likely indicate
The wind speed between two nearby locations is affected most directly by differences in the
Air pressure is usually highest when the air is
As warm, moist air moves into a region, barometric pressure readings in the region will generally
Wind is caused mainly by air-pressure differences that result from
The radius of the Earth is approximately
Three planets known as gas giants because of their large size and low density are
The average temperature of the planets
Why are impact structures (craters) more common on the surface of Mars than on the surfaces of Venus, Earth, and Jupiter?
Which planet has vast amounts of liquid water at its surface?
Which planet's day is longer than its year?
Compared to the distances between the planets of our solar system, the distances between stars are usually
The Earth is slightly flattened from a perfect spherical shape because of
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the Jovian planets?
The shape of the orbits of most of the planets in the solar system would best be described as
The Foucault pendulum provides evidence that the Earth
The best evidence that the Earth rotates is provided by
A Foucault pendulum appears to change its direction of swing due to the
What causes the Coriolis effect?
Winds appear to curve toward the right in the Northern Hemisphere. This curving to the right is caused by the Earth's
Which characteristic of the atmosphere is modified most by the Earth's rotation?
The pendulum appears to change its direction of swing because of Earth's
Winds curve in this direction in the Northern Hemisphere
Winds curve in this direction in the Southern Hemisphere
In 1851, this French physicist constructed a large pendulum that always changed its direction of swing at the same rate in a clockwise direction.
Foliated rocks are distinguished by
Quartz is a mineral; granite is
The processes involved in the rock cycle include all of the following except
__________________is molten material that is formed beneath the Earth's surface.
Sedimentary rocks are formed by a process called____________________.
All rocks are recycled through a system called the ______________.
Sedimentary rocks are ______________________.
A rock is
Lava that cools quickly forms _____________________ rocks.
Minerals are composed of one or more _________________________.
A naturally occurring, nonliving solid with a definite structure and compositions is______
A ___________________ is an igneous rock made up of mica, feldspar, quartz and hornblede.
If the minerals in a sedimentary rock melt and then cool, they can form a (n)
___________________ has no visible banding in metamorphic rocks.
___________________ is a molten material that reaches the Earth's surface.
Bits of weathered rock, minerals, plants, and animals that have been eroded.
One of the softest minerals is _____________________________.
A mixture of minerals, meineraloids, glass, or organic matter.
Processes by which rocks form and change.
Sedimentary and igneous rocks can be changed into metamorphic rocks by heat and __________.
Which tab in the Microsoft Word Help window groups help topics by general categories?
How does Word indicate a possible spelling error?
When must you use Save As rather than Save?
If you need to specify a print setting you should do which of the following?
Before you save a document, where is it stored?
Which of the following symbols next to a menu option indicates that a dialog box will display if you choose the menu item?
If you are finished working on a document, but have other documents you still need to work in, which of the following should you use?
Which of the following features is not part of the Word screen?
This features inserts a soft return and continues on the next line when text does not fit on one line.
A standard determined by Microsoft is referred to as a ......
What key do you press to delete text to the left of the insertion point?
Which of the following symbols next to a menu option indicates that a sub menu will display if you choose the menu item?
How does Word indicate a possible grammar error?
To open a menu using the keyboard, hold down _________ key and the hot key.
A ________________ displays when you hold the mouse pointer over a toolbar button for a few seconds.
By default, the Standard and ________________ toolbars share one row.
The ____________________ display a list of commonly used commands.
What part of the screen shows our location in a document?
Which of the following includes all commands in a menu category?
Which of the folowing is an animated, onscreen image offers suggestions and lets you click it and type questions?
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your done just choose the first one
Juice and water
How would you make a solution more concentrated?
Cinnamon sugar is what type of mixture?
Soda water is an example of what type of mixture?
Sea water is an example of what type of mixture?
Sand represents an example of what type of mixture?
In a bowl of ceral, milk and sugar the solvent is the
In the bowl of cerearl, sugar, and milk, the solute is the
Your grandmother continues to add sugar to her cup of hot tea, she will end up with what type of solution?
When a drop of food coloring is added to a container of water, which of these is true
7/8 - 2/16
3/4 X 6/7
1 2/4 / 2 19/21
4 21/32 + 3 33/32
90/4 + 23/16
2 8/15- 1 5/30
99/3 X 231/3
5/6 / 2/4
43/1 + 34/1
3/5 - 4/15
Where was Thurgood Marshall born?
2) Civil rights for African Americans was important to Thurgood Marshall because...
We remember Thurgood Marshall today because he
Marshall showed that he believed in justice…
5) He fought to end __________.
4. He became a lawyer of the _____________.
How do you spell the state Thurgood Marshall was born in?
Thurgood Marshall was a ____________.
Thurgood Marshall was in the _____________.
The Supreme Court helps...
Most people feared the king because his judgement was final and his punishments were SEVERE.
John was BEWILDERED when he saw the bird sitting on the cat's back. He thought birds were afraid of cats.
When left in the sun, the water GRADUALLY evaporated from the bowl.
After playing the lottery for years and winning only a few dollars, Susan finally won a SUBSTANTIAL amount of money.
Compared to the size of the kids in her 6th grade class, Pamela was very PETITE.
Mallory loved acting on stage. The audience appreciated how she played her part with GUSTO.
After running 15 miles of the marathon, Jose was feeling FATIGUED and had to walk the remaining 11 miles.
While Stuart was roasting a marshmallow over the fire, he accidentally SINGED his shirt sleeve.
When her basketball team started losing, Sophia decided to TAKE MATTERS INTO HER OWN HANDS and sink every basket she shot.
When teacher made him sit alone at recess, Bryan felt ISOLATED from his class.
How many men did the Cyclops eat?
What does Circe tell Odysseus to do?
What does he tell the men to do to him while they are with the Sirens?
What does Odysseus do to protect his men?
What does Circe do to the men?
What does the Giant Whirlpool do?
What does the Siren's song do to the men?
What happened to the swine men when Odysseus returned to Circe?
What is Circe?
What is the Sea Monster's name?
What was the name of the Whirlpool?
Where did Odysseus go immediately folllowing the Land of the Dead?
Who are the Sirens?
Which of the following are transferred or shared when two atoms react chemically?
Looking at a model of the atom, particles located within the nucleus that are positively charged are called
Looking at a model of the atom, particles located within the nucleus that have a no charge are called
Protons and neutrons together are known as
The number of protons in a neutral atom is equal to the number of
Cobalt (atomic number 27) is necessary for growth and is present in vitamin B12. The only naturally occurring isotope of the element cobalt has a mass number of 59. How many neutrons are in cobalt?
Calcium (atomic number 40) is an element needed for the development of bones and teeth in humans. How many electrons does a neutral atom of calcium contain?
In the Bohr model of the atom, electrons are
The overall charge on an electron is
The overall charge on a neutron is
The overall charge when one electron and one proton are present in an atom is
The overall charge on a proton is
The overall charge when an atom contains one proton and one neutron is
The overall charge on an atom with 2 electrons, 3 protons, and 3 neutrons is
Which of the following is the SMALLEST of the sub-atomic particles?
Which of the following are most similar in mass?
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This is the study of living organisms and their nonliving environment.
This is a part of the world identified by its plant and animal life as well as its climate.
A living things ability to survive in an environment is called...
What part of the soil holds water?
A hedgehog has quills all over its body. This is an example of...
In parasitism...
All life depends on the process of
What is the name of the group of the same kind of organisms living in the same place?
In an ecosystem, living things ________ with their nonliving environment.
The _________ is everything that surrounds and affects living things
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What was the intellectual and economic movement that saw a revived interest in the art, social scientific, and political ideas of ancient Greece and Rome?
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
What Renaissance term means to place an emphasis on individual potential, achievement, and education?
What art form developed in the Renaissance to show depth and dimension?
What city was the birthplace of the Renaissance?
What Renaissance artist painted the Mona Lisa and was also a sculptor, architect, and inventor?
How were Renaissance artists different from medieval artists?
Which Renaissance artist painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpted David and the Pieta?
Which of the following best describes the beliefs of Martin Luther?
What invention helped the ideas of the Renaissance and the Reformation spread more quickly?
What does the posting of the 95 Theses and the Diet of Worms relate to?
Which was a cause of the Reformation?
What Renaissance invention made people more literate and strengthened the economy?
What did Copernicus and Galileo teach?
What was the motivating factor for Europeans to explore all water trade routes?
Which of these correctly describes the religious affiliations after the Reformation?
What were the Catholic’s efforts to reform itself called?
What was the motivating factor for Europeans to explore all water trade routes?
Which country took the lead in expeditions to find new sea routes?
Who founded the first school of navigation?
Which explorer was the first to sail from Portugal to India?
What was the Columbian Exchange?
Why did Columbus sail West?
What country sponsored a voyage to claim settlements in North America?
Which of the following was an incentive (motivating factor) for the European nations to explore and settle new lands?
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_____________ is the ability to do work.
Energy in motion is considered to be _____________ energy.
Energy that is stored is considered to be _______________ energy.
The product of force and distance when a force is used to move an object is ______________.
A push or pull exerted on an object is _____________.
The energy associated with objects that can be stretched or compressed is called ____________.
Potential energy that depends on height is called ______________.
Energy is stored as ________________ in the foods we eat. It is also stored in batteries and in a match that is used to light a candle.
When the _______________ of an object increases, its particles move faster, making it feel warm to the touch.
Moving electric charges produce electricity, and _______________ is the energy they carry.
The true shape of the earth is
One of the foci in Saturn's orbit is
Our sun will eventualy become
A star is born from a massive cloud of dust called a
Which statement explains the motion of stars around polaris
Our universe is
A galaxy moving away from us would show
Name a star with a temperature of 9000C and luminosity of 10
The best evidence that the earth rotates is
Which statement is true?
Which side of Adam hill has the steepest slope?
In which direction is Linda river flowing
What could be the highest possible elevation of point
If you remain on the same latitude line , you will be traveling
As you travel toward the poles from the equator, the altitude of Polaris will
If two people were on the same longitude line, they
What would be the difference in time for someone at 75W and someone at 105W ?
The observer in this picture is looking at Polaris. What latitude is he at?
A river flows from 40M to 10M in a matter of 2km. What's the gradient?
What is one way to determine the direction a river flows?
Scientists believe that scientific knowledge and ideas should be based on
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